Global Hunger Index 2018

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  • India ranked 103/119
  • India slipped by 3 ranks i.e. from rank 100 in 2017
  • Index is released by Washington-based International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  • At least one in five Indian children under the age of five are ‘wasted,’ which means they have extremely low weight for their height, reflecting acute under-nutrition.
  • The only country with a higher prevalence of child wasting is the war-torn nation of South Sudan.
  • India has shown improvement in three of the indicators over the comparable reference years. The percentage of undernourished people in the population has dropped from 18.2% in 2000 to 14.8% in 2018. The child mortality rate has halved from 9.2% to 4.3%, while child stunting has dropped from 54.2% to 38.4% over the same period.

What is Global Hunger Index (GHI)?

  • The GHI is a multidimensional statistical tool used to describe the state of countries’ hunger situation.
  • It is released annually by IFPRI since 2006.
  • It ranks countries on a 100-point scale. Zero on the scale is the best score (no hunger), and 100 is the worst.
  • It highlights successes and failures in hunger reduction and provides insights into the drivers of hunger. Thus, GHI aims to trigger actions to reduce hunger.
  • The GHI is calculated by taking into account four indicator parameters. They are :
    1. Undernourished population (1/3rd weight),
    2. Child wasting (1/6th weight),
    3. Child stunting (1/6th weight) and
    4. Infant mortality rate (1/3rd weight).
  • Stunting: Deficiency in height in relation to age, reflects chronic undernutrition.
  • Wasting: Low weight in relation to a child’s height, reflects acute undernutrition.

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